This location is so central to Amsterdam’s history that this group of stories is about important events, not individual people. It was originally where the Amstel River met the Zuiderzee (Southern Sea). The harbor here grew with the city until it became a railroad hub. The station was built in 1889 by P.J.H. Cuypers, who was busy building churches for Catholics who could finally worship openly. Critics hurled “too Gothic!” at Central Station and its sister building, the Rijksmuseum, but both are Amsterdam icons today.